Inflation and Interest Rates Simplified From The Reserve Bank’s Monetary Policy Statement

Two major topics discussed in the Reserve Banks 39-page September Monetary Policy Statement (MPS) are inflation and interest rates. In June, the Bank forecasted inflation to be 4.5% this year. The latest forecast from the Bank expects inflation to be 0.7% lower at 3.8%. Additionally, the Banks 2011 inflation forecast has been reduced from 2.9% to 2.4%.

The lower inflation forecasts are not out of the blue given the lower economic growth projections announced by the Reserve Bank. Factors attributable to the muted inflation pressures include: weaker consumer demand, basically non-existent lending growth, unemployment figures at over 5%, reductions in house prices and deleveraging.

The Bank stated that it will look through the impact on inflation as a result of the increase in GST, the Emissions Trading Scheme, plus other related tax changes. The Bank forecasts that an additional 2.7% will be added to inflation as a result of these former factors, with the Consumer Price Index crowning at 4.8% in June 2011. Taking aside these factors, the underlying inflation rate would be 2.1%.

It is important to note the following stern warning delivered by the Bank in the September MPS. If the factors mentioned above begin to influence individuals behaviour, then the Bank will move quickly to increase interest rates. Price setting will be monitored, as will wage negotiations and surveys of inflationary expectations to gauge if there is evidence that the bump in inflation is becoming ingrained. If this is the case, it can be expected that fast and material increases in the Official Cash Rate (OCR) will follow.

Regarding interest rates, the theme is the same as with economic growth and inflation lower for longer. Unlike the June MPS, the Bank now expects interest rates to rise a lot more slowly. This links back to the Banks cuts to GDP and inflation estimates. The June MPS forecasted interest rates to rise 3.1 % over the next two years, up from the then current level of 3.0% to 6.1% by the end of 2012.

According to the September MPS, the Bank now estimates interest rates to rise by only half as much. 90-day bank bills are forecast to increase from their current 3.2% to be 4.1% in December 2011 an increase of just 1.4%.

If you have a floating mortgage, this reduction in the increase of estimated interest rates will be good news. Although, as the Bank does point out in the September MPS, it expects to increase the OCR over the next few years, the pace and extent of these increases will be lower than forecast in the June MPS.

Forex Trading – Use Forex Leverage Wisely

The Forex trade market has a distinct special feature that allows you to earn enormous profits fast- leverage. However, you have to use Forex leverage wisely as it can also bring you big loses fast, and even wipe out your investment completely.

Here’s how Forex leverage works. You will have the power to trade your one (1) dollar capital to a position worth one hundred (100) dollars and generate profit from the one hundred (100) dollars, working on a ratio of 1:100. The leverage rates in Forex can go very high depending on the offer of the brokers. Do you now see the potential of earning huge profits just by leveraging?

But there’s a downside to this feature. The risk of incurring big loses is equal as that of earning your huge profits. What this means is that with the ability of Forex leverage to transform the trade one (1) hundred times bigger, you are also capable to lose your capital by as much. Again, based on a ratio of 1:100, if the trade goes against your favor, you can lose your entire capital even on a single trading with leverage.

It is crucial therefore to know how and when to use Forex leverage to your advantage. Leveraging is used by Forex brokers often to attract people to trade big so the brokers themselves can earn big, as they earn interest from the amount that they lend you as leverage.

Forex leverage is an easy tool to earn big profits from the trade as long as you learn how to use it judiciously. You should be able to balance the upside and downside of leveraging to earn optimum results with minimal risks.

Timothy Stevens is a Forex Options Trader who owns – He has helped hundreds of people on Trading Forex with Options.

He has recently developed a free e-course showing you a step by step process for starting your Forex Trading easier. To learn how to start Forex Trading with Options without wasting your time and losing more money, visit

Earning a good amount of money with autosurf programs

Autosurf programs are the hottest thing on the internet right now. You need no experience to start and you can get started almost instantly. Its so easy to get started; even your 10 year old kid can do it. Its a great way to earn some extra income to sponsor your other projects you might be planning or just earn a living out of it. Autosurf programs lets you view advertisement set on an auto-timer for an amount of time and you get paid for that. The purpose is to upgrade your account level, the more you upgrade, the more you will get paid in the end.

Autosurf programs are great, and you should get started as soon as possible to make money and feel good about it. There are many autosurf programs out there, so how do you spot a good one from a bad one?

1. Introduction Although autosurf programs are very new and easy to use, its hard to tell how long they will last. There are a few autosurf programs that are stable and have lasted for awhile.

2. Checking Programs rating Always search on Google first on the programs rating before joining. If everyone is saying that its great and you should join, then it must mean that you must join or youre losing out!

3. Is this autosurf program trustfully? Check out the programs forum! If they dont have one, they must have something to hide. Spend some time reading the forum and asking other users question before you start. If everyone on the forum is saying its great, then try joining the program first since most if not all autosurf program lets you sign up for free.

4. Investing your money To make money, you will need to buy upgrades. My recommendation is to start small and take the profit and deposit it into your bank, then use the small amount you started off with and invest into the autosurf program. This makes it hard for you to lose money. Since it is your hard earning money, never put in more than you can afford. There are people who are making a living using autosurf programs.

5. Final words I love autosurf programs; it has given me more than enough money to start my other online business.

Looking in Full Detail at the Federal Stafford Student Loans

To gain a meaningful education it is wise to choose a university where your interest in classes will be captured. To help the selection process you may want to see what type of student loans you can get. The best one to look at in full detail is that of the Stafford Student Loans program. This program is one of the most popular loans programs that you will find.

This is mainly due to the low cost loan that is sponsored by the federal government. In addition to the low cost there are other benefits that are helpful when you are considering any type of loan. The benefits of the Stafford Student loans are one like you’re getting 3.3 percent of your loan back as cash or credited to your account credit. To qualify for this cash back bonus you will need to make the first 33 payments on time.

As with many services in the world when you need help you look for the customer services to help you out. With the Stafford Student Loans you will receive quality customer service when you need it. You will get Sallie Mae’s online account management tool. You will also receive account information by email.

The procedure to getting either of the Stafford Student Loans is not the difficult. You will mainly need to fill out a FAFSA form and submit in time (before the deadline has finished that is!). If you are considered as being eligible the FAFSA government branch will send this information to the Stafford Student Loans people where they will check the various details that you have given out.

Now if there are no problems with your application form you will then be informed of the next steps you will need to take. Once you have fulfilled these various terms and conditions of the Stafford Student Loans out you can choose which of the two loans you prefer to use. You will have a choice of either the Subsidized Stafford Student Loans or that of the Unsubsidized Stafford Student Loans.

While there is not that much of a difference you may want to look into the details of both of these loans thoroughly. The main difference that you will see is that the federal government pays the interest for you during the entire period of your being a student who is using the loan in one. And in the other loan you will need to see what the interest rate is. From this amount calculate how much you need to pay during the pay back time period. Which incidentally is about 10 years.

Muna wa Wanjiru is a Web Administrator and Has Been Researching and Reporting on Student Loans for Years. For More Information on Stafford Student Loans, Visit His Site at

Claims Payment Record Of The Private Insurance Companies

As we know, there are 20 odd private life insurance companies in India, and there is LIC which is a public sector company. LIC is the 800 pound gorilla, managing to hold on to about 75% market share even 10 years after private companies have been allowed into the life insurance space. The private life insurance companies position themselves on being more customer friendly, wider array of products etc while LIC holds on to its positioning of trust, experience and government backing. One of the key parameters on which to judge a life insurance company is their claims payment record. At the same time, we must note that given that life insurance has become more of a savings and investment product, the returns that they provide are perhaps more important than claims payout ratios. Nevertheless, claims record is definitely not a variable to be ignored.

A table illustrating the claims rejection percentages of the top life insurance companies in 2009-10 is presented below:

Life Insurance Company
Claims rejection ratio (%)

LIC 1.21%
Aviva 9.75%
Bajaj Allianz 5.2%
Birla SunLife 10.62%
HDFC Life 4.67%
ICICI Prudential 3.27%
ING Vysya 4.26%
Kotak Mahindra 4.29%
Max New York Life 12.31%
MetLife 5.94%
Reliance Life 7.05%
SBI Life 14.75%
Tata AIG 12.3%

An important observation from the above table is that the claims rejection ratio of LIC is the lowest, thus implying that their record is the best as far as claims payment is concerned. At the same time, the very high percentage of claims rejection of SBI Life and Max New York Life surely comes in as a surprise.

It must however be noted once again that in Unit Linked products that life insurance companies promote aggressively (or at least was promoting till Sep 2010) , the returns earned on the fund is perhaps a more important variable than the claims payment (or rejection) ratio. However, for non life insurance companies, which offer pure protection/insurance products with no savings or investment component, claims payment is the crucial variable along with the speed of processing of claims.

Let us now look at the incurred claims ratios of the non life insurance companies:

Non Life Insurance Company
Incurred claims ratio

New India Assurance 89%
Oriental Insurance 99.69%
United India Insurance 78.62%
National Insurance 99.16%
Royal Sundaram 68.95%
Reliance General Insurance 77.3%
Iffco Tokio Insurance 83.44%
Tata AIG 60.54%
ICICI Lombard 85.35%
Bajaj Allianz 71.9%
HDFC Ergo 80.73%
Bharti Axa 104%%

One data point that stands out from above is that Tata AIG General Insurance seems to be sourcing the best quality business from the underwriting point of view, whereas the claims payment ratio of Bharti Axa seems to be quite high. Alo,the claims payment ratio of the public insurers, at an overall level, is higher than that of the private non life insurers.

Debt Collections Strategies Every Business Should Know

Even in the most popular business industries, at one time or another many people find themselves dealing with delinquent accounts and searching for successful debt collection strategies. Time is truly of the essence when it comes to dealing with these types of late accounts. Statistics show that the longer the amount of time that the account has been unresolved, the less likely you are to receive any payments. Using proper tactics can be crucial when it comes to collecting those unpaid debts.

Strategies That Work

Although there are many different ways to approach debt collection, not all strategies will be successful. In order to resolve the most delinquent accounts, it is advised that you take the following things into consideration when determining which tactics are best for your business.

1. Altering payment terms are a great way to convince debtors that you are willing to work with them. If the total balance due was $500.00 for example, five payments of $100.00 each may be much less daunting than paying the total amount in one payment. By accepting smaller payments, you are showing the debtor that you are considerate of their current financial situation and understand that they are concerned about making payments when possible.

2. Maintaining open lines of communication with the debtor can make a world of difference in the world of debt collection. Talking to a live person about past due balances can seem very overwhelming to some, whereas receiving a short and gentle reminder by SMS, email or automated voice message may give the debtor a gentle push in the right direction.

3. For clients who are difficult to contact or express their intentions to ignore the debt, it may become more cost-effective to simply hire a debt collection company to track down and obtain the monies owed. Although you will ultimately have to pay a percentage of the payments received to the collections company, they will be able to put forth an effort that you are not willing or able to do.

What Not To Do

It is extremely important that a business never attempt to harass or threaten a client about their overdue balances. Some businesses will attempt to intimidate the person by calling them repeatedly, leaving rude and aggressive messages and generally treating them with disrespect. This typically will only anger the client, and increase defiance about paying the debt. In many cases, the debtor is willing to pay the debt and just financially unable to pay at the current time. By talking to the person with compassion and respect while allowing them to maintain their dignity, the debtor may be much more willing to make a payment arrangement that is satisfactory to both parties.

Advantages Of Direct Marketing

B2B direct marketing has been proven effective through all ages. Much more, today’s modern time calls for a regular direct marketing imposture for you to be able to keep in touch with the businesses’ fast paces.

Direct mail can be used for other reasons besides making a direct sale.

Flexible Targeting

B2B direct marketing enables you to talk directly identify, isolate and represent with well-defined target markets. This means you get a higher conversion and success rate than if you tried communicating to everyone in the mass market. And direct marketing online is also far cheaper than mass market communication.

Multiple Uses

B2B direct marketing doesn’t just have to be used to sell – it can be used to test new markets and trial new products or customers, to reward existing customers to build loyalty, collect information for future campaigns, or segment a customer base.

Cost-Effectiveness

The cost per acquisition of direct mail can be significantly less than other marketing methods. Plus once you’ve acquired a customer, you can also benefit from highly profitable repeat sales, gained once again through marketing methods.

Ease of Management

It provides greater control and accountability than other marketing methods. It is easy to measure results because you know exactly how many people you’ve contacted in the first place. Once you’ve run a direct marketing campaign and know the conversion rates involved, you can work on refining and improving your success rates. Plus it also makes it easier to plan, forecast and budget for future direct marketing campaign.

Rapid Delivery

Direct marketing is both swift and flexible in achieving results. This is especially true for telemarketing, one of the direct marketing tools, as the results of a conversation can be logged immediately and scripts adjusted straight away to improve results.

Testing Capability

It allows you to test, test and test again in order to hit upon the most successful combination of direct marketing tools. Any of these variables such as timing, list, message, mailer and offer can be adjusted, tested again, and measured to find the optimum proposition.

Relationship Building

Direct marketing is far more effective at initiating and developing a meaningful dialogue with new customers. From the outset you have a direct relationship with them, which can also be used as part of a push pull strategy to stimulate demand for retailers.

Targeting of Messages

It can enable you to target different messages to different recipients. Using technology such as digital printing, it’s even possible to display different images, designs and offers in a direct mailer according to who it’s being sent to, as well as personalising the mailer to the recipient to increase conversion rates.

How Market Research Can Benefit You In Launching New Products

You may want to consider searching for a market research company that can assist you in launching your new product. Learning about how market research can help you launch your product will help you determine if using market research is right for you. Learning more about market research will also help you know what you should look for in a company that provides such services. Arming yourself with knowledge can help you make an educated and informed decision when it comes to marketing your new product.

One way market research can help you launch your new product is that it can help you define a target audience for your product. If you have a specific product you want to sell, it may be more appealing to some types of consumers than others. Is your product geared toward men or women? Is your product meant for a certain age group? Would your product benefit those in a certain industry? Employing marketing research services can help you clearly define your target audience for the product you want to sell.

Using market research can also help you determine which types of advertising methods would be most advantageous for you. Depending on your target audience, one type of advertising may work better than another. Once you have defined your target audience, you can then identify the means of advertising that would be most successful in letting your target audience know about your product. As you may know, advertising can often be quite costly. However, if it works, advertising can bring you a tremendous return on your investment. As such, you want to be sure that your advertising is most effective, and to do that, you will need to determine the means through which your target audience is most likely to learn about your product.

Sometimes, only one form of advertising will suffice, but chances are, using multiple advertising methods would be best for you. However, in order for advertising to work, you will need to first determine where and how you should advertise. Fortunately, market research companies are equipped with the knowledge and experience needed to gather this type of information. Using market research can be very beneficial in learning how to advertise for your new product.

Market research can also be used to define your product’s strengths and weaknesses. Through market research, you can gain perspective on what consumers think about your product. This way, you can make any necessary changes to your product before launching it. If your product needs improvement, market research will tell you how you can improve it. If your product excels in a certain area, market research will help you define which areas you should focus on in selling this product to consumers.

How To Succeed In Financial Market Trading

Markets often move remarkably quickly and this volatility especially in uncertain times can leave fresh traders with massive losses. There’s of course an admirable alternative in the form of financial fixed odds trading and more especially products like binary bets and binary options.

Even though they are moderately new to the world of trading they are now becoming recognized as a real and viable alternative to derivative products like spread betting and futures and below are a few key reasons why.

First of all products for example spread-betting or futures are potentially open to unlimited losses, hence the necessity for stoplosses. The trouble with this is that in volatile, or even fairly moderately moving markets, if your stop is hit your trade ends often with a significant loss. You will not want to put your stop too near to the current market action or too far away which is often a very complicated balance to hit.

With binary bets / binary options you don’t need to bother with stoplosses at all. Binary trading products care for any volatility as the total you earn or lose is known from the outset of the trade and cannot change. Yes let’s simply repeat that, it doesn’t matter how much the markets move against you as you can only lose the agreed amount.

Secondly binary bets and binary options need a much smaller account size, often a fraction of a leveraged account like a spread betting or futures account.

Thirdly these products can be applied to several leading world indices over time periods preferred by the trader. So a binary bet / binary option can be placed for a single day, a week or longer with indices such as the: FTSE 100, Dow Jones, Hang Seng, Australian Index to name just a few. They can similarly be applied to Forex, Commodity and Share markets. This makes them very versatile.

Finally binary trading products enable you trade per point like spread-betting and futures but without the higher risk as mentioned before.

If financial fixed odds trading and more especially binary bets and or binary options are something you wish to learn more about then please visit Elmtrader who provide learning and system products covering financial fixed odds products.

The Role of Interest Rates on Forex Market

One of the most popular trading places in the world is Forex market. It is made for the currency exchange that is the main form of trade there. Forex market is opened for all comers, each one can start trading there having only $300 deposit. The most of people are attracted to this market due to its high liquidity and huge leverage that give ability to make big profits having small funds. To make it real, first you need to learn Forex basics and factors that form the situation on the market. One of such basics is interest rates.

The main index on the Forex market is currently price. Interest rate is another index that directly influences on the currency price. It is not hard to understand how interest rates influence the forming of currency prices. Among price forming factors there are also politic and economic events in the world, but the interest rate is the weightiest factor. When the interest rate to a specific currency grows, investors are capitalizing the returns from it and there will be a new money flow into the specific country, where the interest Forex rate is high. The currency becomes stronger when the countrys interest rate becomes higher. This is because such currency seems more profitable for Forex brokers and individual investors.

From time to time the government of specific country may interfere into the Forex market by flooding it with their domestic currency. This will lead to the currency price lowering. If the government purchase a lot of its domestic currency, taking it away from the Forex market, this means it is intended to rise its price and increase the interest rate of it. This approach is called Central Bank Intervention. Governments sometimes use it to help their domestic economy. This has positive effect on the Forex, however such cases happen rarely and do not break the market conditions, it even rises the Forex attractiveness, as big players enter the game.

Any interfering into the natural market functioning doesnt have long effect. Interest rate changes may influence on the currency price, but this influence is noticeable only in a short-term outlook. The Forex is too large to be controlled only by restricting the interest rates. There are a lot of other factors that form Forex online marketplace. But in a short-term trading tracking the changes in interest rates is one of the methods to predict low-risk, profitable investments.